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This package is for version 3.19 of Bioconductor. This package has been removed from Bioconductor. For the last stable, up-to-date release version, see SANTA.

Spatial Analysis of Network Associations

Bioconductor version: Release (3.19)

This package provides methods for measuring the strength of association between a network and a phenotype. It does this by measuring clustering of the phenotype across the network (Knet). Vertices can also be individually ranked by their strength of association with high-weight vertices (Knode).

Author: Alex Cornish [cre, aut]

Maintainer: Alex Cornish <alex.cornish at>

Citation (from within R, enter citation("SANTA")):


To install this package, start R (version "4.4") and enter:

if (!require("BiocManager", quietly = TRUE))


For older versions of R, please refer to the appropriate Bioconductor release.


Reference Manual PDF


biocViews Clustering, Network, NetworkEnrichment, Software
Version 2.40.0
In Bioconductor since BioC 2.12 (R-3.0) (11 years)
License GPL (>= 2)
Depends R (>= 4.1), igraph
Imports graphics, Matrix, methods, stats
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Suggests BiocGenerics, BioNet, formatR, knitr, msm, org.Sc.sgd.db, markdown, rmarkdown, RUnit
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Follow Installation instructions to use this package in your R session.

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macOS Binary (arm64) SANTA_2.40.0.tgz
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