DOI: 10.18129/B9.bioc.frma  

This package is for version 3.16 of Bioconductor; for the stable, up-to-date release version, see frma.

Frozen RMA and Barcode

Bioconductor version: 3.16

Preprocessing and analysis for single microarrays and microarray batches.

Author: Matthew N. McCall <mccallm at>, Rafael A. Irizarry <rafa at>, with contributions from Terry Therneau

Maintainer: Matthew N. McCall <mccallm at>

Citation (from within R, enter citation("frma")):


To install this package, start R (version "4.2") and enter:

if (!require("BiocManager", quietly = TRUE))


For older versions of R, please refer to the appropriate Bioconductor release.


To view documentation for the version of this package installed in your system, start R and enter:



PDF R Script frma: Preprocessing for single arrays and array batches
PDF   Reference Manual
Text   NEWS


biocViews Microarray, Preprocessing, Software
Version 1.50.0
In Bioconductor since BioC 2.6 (R-2.11) (13 years)
License GPL (>= 2)
Depends R (>= 2.10.0), Biobase(>= 2.6.0)
Imports Biobase, MASS, DBI, affy, methods, oligo, oligoClasses, preprocessCore, utils, BiocGenerics
Suggests hgu133afrmavecs, frmaExampleData
Depends On Me
Imports Me ChIPXpress, DeSousa2013, rat2302frmavecs
Suggests Me antiProfilesData, frmaTools
Links To Me
Build Report  

Package Archives

Follow Installation instructions to use this package in your R session.

Source Package frma_1.50.0.tar.gz
Windows Binary
macOS Binary (x86_64) frma_1.50.0.tgz
macOS Binary (arm64) frma_1.50.0.tgz
Source Repository git clone
Source Repository (Developer Access) git clone
Bioc Package Browser
Package Short Url
Package Downloads Report Download Stats

Documentation »


R / CRAN packages and documentation

Support »

Please read the posting guide. Post questions about Bioconductor to one of the following locations: