DOI: 10.18129/B9.bioc.TreeAndLeaf    

This package is for version 3.12 of Bioconductor; for the stable, up-to-date release version, see TreeAndLeaf.

An alternative to dendrogram visualization and insertion of multiple layers of information

Bioconductor version: 3.12

TreeAndLeaf package comes as an alternative to solve problems regarding dendrogram plotting, such as the lack of space when the dendrogram is too large and the need for adding more layers of information. It treats a whole dendrogram as a tree, in which the observations are represented by the leaves.

Author: Leonardo W. Kume, Luis E. A. Rizzardi, Milena A. Cardoso, Mauro A. A. Castro

Maintainer: Milena A. Cardoso <milenandreuzo at>

Citation (from within R, enter citation("TreeAndLeaf")):


To install this package, start R (version "4.0") and enter:

if (!requireNamespace("BiocManager", quietly = TRUE))


For older versions of R, please refer to the appropriate Bioconductor release.


To view documentation for the version of this package installed in your system, start R and enter:



HTML R Script TreeAndLeaf: an alternative to dendrogram visualization.
PDF   Reference Manual
Text   NEWS


biocViews DataRepresentation, GraphAndNetwork, Infrastructure, Network, Software, Visualization
Version 1.2.0
In Bioconductor since BioC 3.11 (R-4.0) (1 year)
License Artistic-2.0
Depends R (>= 4.0)
Imports RedeR, igraph, ape, methods
Suggests knitr, rmarkdown, BiocStyle, RUnit, BiocGenerics, stringr, RColorBrewer, geneplast
Depends On Me
Imports Me
Suggests Me
Links To Me
Build Report  

Package Archives

Follow Installation instructions to use this package in your R session.

Source Package TreeAndLeaf_1.2.0.tar.gz
Windows Binary
macOS 10.13 (High Sierra) TreeAndLeaf_1.2.0.tgz
Source Repository git clone
Source Repository (Developer Access) git clone
Package Short Url
Package Downloads Report Download Stats

Documentation »


R / CRAN packages and documentation

Support »

Please read the posting guide. Post questions about Bioconductor to one of the following locations: