DOI: 10.18129/B9.bioc.CAnD    

This package is for version 3.12 of Bioconductor; for the stable, up-to-date release version, see CAnD.

Perform Chromosomal Ancestry Differences (CAnD) Analyses

Bioconductor version: 3.12

Functions to perform the CAnD test on a set of ancestry proportions. For a particular ancestral subpopulation, a user will supply the estimated ancestry proportion for each sample, and each chromosome or chromosomal segment of interest. A p-value for each chromosome as well as an overall CAnD p-value will be returned for each test. Plotting functions are also available.

Author: Caitlin McHugh, Timothy Thornton

Maintainer: Caitlin McHugh <mchughc at>

Citation (from within R, enter citation("CAnD")):


To install this package, start R (version "4.0") and enter:

if (!requireNamespace("BiocManager", quietly = TRUE))


For older versions of R, please refer to the appropriate Bioconductor release.


To view documentation for the version of this package installed in your system, start R and enter:



PDF R Script Detecting heterogenity in population structure across chromosomes with the "CAnD" package
PDF   Reference Manual


biocViews GeneticVariability, Genetics, SNP, Software, StatisticalMethod
Version 1.22.0
In Bioconductor since BioC 3.1 (R-3.2) (6 years)
License Artistic-2.0
Imports methods, ggplot2, reshape
Suggests RUnit, BiocGenerics, BiocStyle
Depends On Me
Imports Me
Suggests Me
Links To Me
Build Report  

Package Archives

Follow Installation instructions to use this package in your R session.

Source Package CAnD_1.22.0.tar.gz
Windows Binary
macOS 10.13 (High Sierra) CAnD_1.22.0.tgz
Source Repository git clone
Source Repository (Developer Access) git clone
Package Short Url
Package Downloads Report Download Stats

Documentation »


R / CRAN packages and documentation

Support »

Please read the posting guide. Post questions about Bioconductor to one of the following locations: